3 Common Indiana Tree Diseases and How to Treat Them

There are various species of trees hardy to Indiana, most of which we enjoy admiring, year-round. From lush pines to fruit bearing trees, there is so much to appreciate every season. Unfortunately, trees can become ill from a plethora of contagions and infections, causing death and decay. Garden and tree enthusiasts work hard to protect and preserve their crops, shrubbery, and orchards, but there are still some common threats that can cause deterioration and corrosion in trees and other plant life.

Continue reading to learn about some common ailments that threaten the lives of trees and vegetation in Indiana, and how to treat them effectively.

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Fungal growth caused by heart rot.

Heart Rot

Heart Rot is a very common infection that can harm trees. It uniquely attacks hardwood trees, which happen to be quite prevalent in Indiana.  Signs of this disease include fungus and mushroom cap growth.  The infection causes deterioration from within, eventually weakening the branches and bark of a hardwood tree.  Treatment is complicated, but still possible.  It requires expert pruning and dead wooding in order to get the tree in a healthy state of growth.  Again, a professional tree care technician is recommended for such diseases.

Chestnut Blight

The American Chestnut Tree faced near extinction in the early 1900’s due to this threatening tree illness.  A simple analogy can help understand the health implications caused by this disease; chestnut blight is to trees as smallpox is to humans.  Chestnut Blight affects the bark and leaves of a tree, causing cankers and orange-brown stains.  It can only be treated with a series of chemical tree injections.  These injections are non-hazardous to the environment but should always be administered by a tree care professional.

Elm Disease

Also happening in the early 1900’s was oversea shipping and trading.  These shipments brought in non-native beetles, commonly referred to as Dutch Beetles.  These insects are common predators of Elm Trees in Indiana and prefer to attack trees that are already infected with a fungal disease.  Some familiar signs of Elm Disease include yellowing of bark and leaves, and death right before Fall.  Typically, tree removal is the only option for Elm Disease, other than prevention.

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Call 317-537-9770 for professional Fishers, Indiana tree service at a competitive price. We provide residential and commercial tree service, including tree trimming, tree pruning, tree removal, stump grinding, lot clearing, underbrush removal, and much more. Call 317-537-9770 to request an estimate, today.

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Tree Trimming FAQs

Below you will find a collection of frequently asked questions regarding residential and commercial tree trimming and tree pruning. If you are concern about the health or status of your landscaping trees, be sure to contact a local and licensed tree care company for professional service you can trust. Catching a tree problem early on is the best method for avoiding expensive and tedious tree service and repair. Continue reading to review some important tree trimming FAQ’s, and information on who to call for trusted Fishers tree service.

Why Do Trees Need Pruned?

There are several benefits to tree pruning, including increased light penetration, adequate air circulation, promotion of healthy growth, and more. More sunlight reduces the risk of fungal diseases like American Chestnut Blight or Armillaria root rot, while adequate air circulation in the canopies prevent severe storm damage and structural problems. Pruning also promotes and sustains healthy growth.

When Do I Need to Prune My Trees?

The timetable for tree pruning differs depending on the size and health of a tree. The general guide to follow is every 2 to 4 years for small and medium-sized trees, and every 5 to 8 years for large and mature trees.

What is the Correct Method for Tree Trimming?

Tree trimming is essentially tree “thinning” and should involve the elimination of loose, rubbing, crossing, dead, diseased, obstructive, and weak branches. It might also involve sectioning back limbs, as well as, providing clearance for easier lawn care, power lines, and electrical boxes. It requires professional knowledge, skill, and resources to trim a tree properly. Trust a local and licensed tree service company for assistance.

Is Tree Topping Safe?

Tree topping harms trees, and should be avoided. Trees should always be pruned according to arboricultural standards for optimal and safe results.

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The Most Common Tree Diseases in North America

Trees can fall ill from disease and infection just the same as any other living organism. In America, trees can be victim to several diseases; some of which have no treatment or cure. It is important to protect our trees from hazardous elements and harmful exposure; however, in nature, these things tend to take their own course no matter what. Continue reading to learn about the most common tree diseases known and seen in Indiana, and how to safeguard your property from these damaging ailments.

Heart Rot

Heart rot is a fungal condition that affects the integrity of a tree’s trunk, bark, branches, and structure. The disease attacks hardwood trees specifically, such as oaks, walnuts, ash trees, birch trees, poplars, and all other types of deciduous trees. It weakens and rots the bark from within; even more so in harsh weather and windy conditions. It creates a danger zone for anything surrounding the tree below. Heart rot has caused trees to tip, bend, and fall onto homes, cars, and other expensive assets. Some signs of Heart Rot include:

• Fungus Growth
• Protruding Mushroom Caps
• Leaning Tree Trunk
• Wood Decay
• Fungus Conks
• Mold
• Etc.

Healthy trees will naturally combat Heart Rot with a process called compartmentalization. In order to get healthy trees, routine maintenance is essential. Regular pruning, fertilizing, wound care, and more is vital to sustain a tree’s immunity. A local tree service company or technician can give you all the tips and advice you need for DIY tree maintenance.

Chestnut Blight

Chestnut Blight is a disease that affects the American Chestnut Tree. This tree was once one of the most important timber trees in early twentieth century society, until a devastating Chestnut Blight epidemic took effect. It wiped out nearly all of the Chestnut tree population in North America, leaving behind very few mature trees today. Chestnut Blight is a pathogenic fungal disease that enters through tree wounds and grows from within. Just like Heart Rot, it will eventually weaken and decay the bark; jeopardizing the structural integrity as a whole. Evidence of Chestnut Blight can include symptoms such as:

• Tree Cankers
• Callus Formations
• Swelling and Cracking of Bark
• Wilting Leaves
• Fallen Branches
• Browning Leaves
• Leaning Tree Trunk
• Wood Decay
• Discolored Tree Bark
• Etc.

Oak Wilt

Another common fungal disease that can kill trees is called Oak wilt. As the name describes, it only primarily species of Oak trees; however, it can harm other species of tree as well, but in a different way. Red Oaks have proven to be more susceptible to Oak Wilt than species of White Oaks. Examples of Red Oaks include Black, Red, and Northern Pin; while examples of White Oaks include Bur, White Stamp, and other round-leafed species. The disease is locally spread from infected trees to healthy ones by insects and plant roots. The infection causes the crowns of Oak trees to reduce and die. It also harms the bark, leaves, and tree branches. Signs of Oak Wilt include:

• Bronze-Colored Leaves
• Branch Loss
• Dead Crowns
• Leaf Wilting
• Discolored Vascular Tissues
• Brown Stains Under Bark
• Etc.

To reduce the likelihood of infected trees on your property, be sure to provide them with proper routine maintenance and care, year-round. Trees require checkups and upkeep just as we do. Recommended tree maintenance includes trimming, pruning, topping, fertilization, dead wooding, and more. It is best to consult a tree service company for professional advice and information on residential or commercial tree care.

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Identifying Common Tree Diseases

When it comes to landscaping trees, most diseases are simply aesthetic and can be treated without problem. However, there are several other types of tree illnesses and threats that can both harm and kill trees. It is best to treat an unhealthy tree as soon as you are aware there is a problem. Perhaps your tree leaves are turning brown and curling at the ends, or the bark is starting to peel off. If you are noticing a decline in your tree’s health, it is time to consider professional tree care and assistance. Catching a tree disease early on can save the lives of your landscaped trees, as well as, all other flora on and around your property. Continue reading to learn more about common tree diseases, and how to identify them in their early stages.

Emerald Ash Borer

The Emerald Ash Borer is a tree beetle that attacks Ash Trees and never hangs out alone. They come in large colonies that can quickly infest trees and deprive them of food and nutrients. These are moderate-sized green beetles with shiny backs and exoskeletons. They are known to make S-shaped larval galleries in the outer bark of trees, and D-shaped emergence holes to exit them. These carvings are tale-tell signs of an EAB attack. These beetles can quickly harm or kill a tree. Signs of an EAB infestation include crown dieback, or when the canopy of trees begin to die and expose dead tree branches. Other signs include bark splitting, epicormic sprouting, and woodpecker feedings. Woodpeckers love to eat Emerald Ash Borers, so if you see a crowd of them on a tree, you can assume it is infested. Epicormic sprouting is when a tree becomes desperate to grow new branches, and begins new growth towards the bottom of the trunk. To get rid of these beetles, a professional Fishers Indiana Tree Care specialist is required.

Oak Wilt

Oak wilt commonly affects, you guessed it, Oak Trees. This diseases is commonly found in White Oaks, Red Oaks, and live oak trees. It is commonly found in Eastern parts of the United States, and is one of the most serious tree diseases around. Forests and landscapes are losing thousands of Oak Trees each year to Oak Wilt disease. It is a fungus that infiltrates wounded or weakened trees. The seriousness with this disease has to do with the fact that the fungus can move from tree to tree, through the root system or through insects. Unfortunately, once an Oak tree is infected with this particular fungus, there is no cure.

Chestnut Blight

This is another tree fungus disease that affects Eastern regions of the United States. It prefers hardwoods, like the American Chestnut Tree. In the past, professionals have tried to cut and remove the roots of infected trees to stop the spread of the fungus; however, it wouldn’t go away. Although it seems there is no cure for this disease, it seems to act as a nonfatal parasite to some species; such as Chinquapin trees, Spanish Chestnut trees, and Oak trees. WE only hope this fungus can one day be controlled and treatable.

Tree Care Fishers, Indiana

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Call 317-537-9770 for superior tree care in Fishers, Indiana. We are highly trained and qualified tree service technicians with decades of experience in the tree care industry. We provide tree removal, tree transplanting, trimming, pruning, stump grinding, lot clearing, tree disease treatment, and much more! Call 317-537-9770 for more information about tree removal services in Fishers, IN and its nearby counties.